Amitabha, good point, but:

(i) I count myself as a quasi-realist about moral facts, meaning that I don’t think they exist in absolute terms, but that there are constraints on human judgments imposed by natural human needs and wants.

(ii) I think the Stoics fall into the same meta-ethical view, a type of naturalism, but not quite realism.

(iii) The Stoics definitely did not think that the labels “good” or “bad” should be applied to anything other than our correct or incorrect judgments. That’s a major point of Epictetus’ notion of the dichotomy of control.

Stoicism, ethics, and philosophy of science. Complete index, by subject, at

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