Stoicism and arousal: so you think you can’t control your emotions, eh?

Testosterone, an hormone involved in sexual arousal and a number of other emotional states

A central tenet of Stoic psychology (which happens to be supported by modern research) is that emotions are, in part, a matter of cognition. Specifically, the Stoics developed the following model for how to arrive at good decisions and actions, despite an initially problematic emotional reaction to a situation: